Care of Christmas Plants

Often at this time of year I get lots of calls about the care of Christmas flowers. So the following is a guide to help you care for your Christmas flowering pot plants.

Poinsettia
WinterRoseLight: Bright light but out of direct sun
Water: Allow soil surface to dry out between waterings then water well. Do not let the plant stand in water.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps. 65-70F (18-21C)
Night temps.60-65F (15-18C)
Avoid areas of dry heat eg. TV, radiators etc.
What to expect: Will last 2-3 months


Poinsettia & Mum

MUMSETTIA5Light:  Bright light but out of direct sun
Water: Allow soil surface to dry out between waterings then water well. Do not let the plant stand in water.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps. 65-70F (18-21C)
Night temps.60-65F (15-18C)
What to expect: Chrysanthemums 2-3 weeks Poinsettia 2-3 months


Azalea

White_Azalea2Light: Bright indirect light (can be outside in shady spot in summer after chance of frost.)
Water: Keep soil constantly moist to touch.  Do not let stand in water. As house plant, place a wide saucer filled with gravel underneath plant , add water to gravel as needed.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps. 60-65F (15-18C)
Night temps. 55-65F (13-15C)
What to expect: Flowers last 2-4 weeks.

Holly
Holly_Berries4Light: Bright light.
Water: Evenly moist with some surface drying.  Will tolerate standing in water to suck up moisture for a short period of time.  Must not become water logged.
Temperatures:
Daytime 55-60F (13-15C)
Night time 40-45F (5-7C)
Will tolerate slightly higher temps using a humidity tray.
What to expect: Seasonal plant only in your home

Cyclamen
CYCLAMEN_GROUPLight: Bright indirect light
Water: Only allow soil surface to dry between waterings, then moisten.  Do not allow plant to sit in water or soil to become waterlogged as root rot quickly spreads to the bulb.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps 55-65F (15-21C)
Nighttime temps 55-65F (13-18C)
What to expect: Will last 2-4 months each bloom lasting 2-3 weeks.

Christmas Cherry
CHRISTMAS_CHERRYLight: Bright indirect light to full sun.
Water: Soil should be moist but allow surface to become partially dry between waterings.
Temperatures:
Daytime 65-70F (18-21C)
Will tolerate night temps. of 50-55F (10-13C)
What to expect: House plant with bright orange-red fruit throughout winter, white flowers in summer-fall. May go outside in summer.  Fruit is not edible, very poisonous.


Christmas Pepper

CHRISTMAS_PEPPERSLight: Bright diffused light to full sun.
Water: Only allow soil surface to dry between waterings, then moisten.  Do not allow plant to sit in water or soil to become waterlogged.
Temperatures:
Daytime 70-75F (21-24C)
Will tolerate nighttime temps of 60-65F (15-18C)
What to expect: Edible very hot peppers of bright yellow, orange, red or purple, lasting 1-2 months

Kalanchoe
KALANCHOE_GROUPLight: Bright light to direct sun.
Water: Soil should be barely moist. Allow soil to become quite dry between waterings
Temperatures:
Daytime 65-70F (18-21C)
Nighttime 60-65F (15-18C)
Tolerates 50-60F (10-15C) at night.
What to expect: 2-6 weeks of bloom


Christmas Cactus

CHRISTMAS_CACTUSLight: Bright indirect light.
Water: Allow surface to dry between waterings.  Do not allow to sit in water.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps 60-70F (18-21C)
Nighttime temps 55-65F (13-18C)
What to expect: 2-4 weeks of bloom.  May be re-bloomed 3-4 times a year.

Chrysanthemum
MUMLight: Bright indirect light.
Water: Uniformly moist with just soil surface drying between waterings.  Do not stand in water.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps. 65-70F (18-21C)
Cooler nights 50-60F (10-16C)
What to expect: 3-4 weeks of blooms

Gardenia
GARDENIIALight: Bright light but not direct sun (can be put outside in shady spot in summer after all chance of frost.)
Water: Keep soil constantly moist.  Do not let sit in water.  Place a wide saucer filled with gravel underneath the plant and add water as needed.
Temperatures:
Daytime 70-75F (21-24C),
nighttime 62-65F (17-18C)
What to expect: Fragrant white flowers last 3-4 days for 2-3 months.

Norfolk Island Pine
NORFOLK_ISLAND-_PINELight: Bright light but out of direct sun
Water: Allow soil surface to dry out between waterings then water well. Do not let the plant stand in water.
Temperatures:
Daytime temps. 65-70F (18-21C)
Night temps.60-65F (15-18C)
What to expect: Evergreen houseplant that can be carefully decorated for Christmas.

I hope that this answers many of your questions. You should also read the articles on Indoor Plant Fertilizing & Indoor Plant Watering.

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