20-10-20 or 20-20-20 applied on constant feed at 125-175 parts per
light levels creates longer fronds.
peat-lite mix from a reputable supplier. Must drain well, yet still
provide good water holding capabilities. Avoid large percentages of
vermiculite and/or sand, which tend to plug the air spaces needed
for healthy root growth.
do NOT tolerate standing water. Lift the pots, you will soon learn
when these plants need water. Apply water when the containers become
about 1/2 the weight of a freshly water container. Water early in
the day to allow the foliage to dry. When growing large pots or
hanging baskets, if practical, a spaghetti tube system works very
size containers must drain well for good plant growth.
use of saucer-less baskets tends to produce a perched water table,
unless you are extremely careful with the water.
growth occurs between 70 -85 degrees F. Temperatures outside this
range tend to retard growth. If, however, you wish to retard growth
in early spring, you can allow the temperature to drop lower.
Remember to be more careful not to overwater, and watch for
botrytis, if you lower the temperature.
to 6.5 are acceptable for most fern varieties.
The most prevalent
fungal disease in ferns is botrytis, which appears during periods of
high humidity and cool temperatures. The major pests, which affect
ferns, are scale and aphids. All of these problems can be controlled
through good housekeeping , scouting and the proper use of approved