Also double flowered, these dahlias have
globe-shaped, relatively small flowers. The petals form little tubes
that roll back along their entire length. Though there are
exceptions, pompons normally grow to more than a metre tall. They
are tough and extremely resistant to bad weather. Among the most
popular are: ‘Nescio’ (blood-red),’Franz Kafka’
(lilac-pink), ‘Pomponette’ (pink), ‘Natal’ (purple with
velvety blush), ‘New Baby’ (orange), ‘Schneeflocke’ (white),
and ‘Deepest Yellow’
Similar to Pompons, but the flowers are larger
and less spherical. Among the most popular are: ‘Red Cap’
(red-blood), ‘Bonny Blue’ (lilac-pink), ‘Doris Duke’ (light
salmon), ‘Peter’ (red), ‘Maren’ (orange) and ‘Golden Torch’
As the name implies, these look somewhat like
anemones. They have one or more rows of flat (not revoluted) petals
arranged in a wreath. They are relatively short, averaging around 40
cm tall. Favourites include: ‘Brio’ (orange-red), ‘Purpinka’
(purple-pink), ‘Siemen Doornbosch’ (magenta-pink with a purple
blush), ‘Honey’ (two colours, old rose and sulfur yellow) and
Collarette (Bruce’s Favourite Group)
These have large flat ray-like flowers around an
open centre. Within the ray and surrounding the centre is a wreath
of shorter petals, often of a different colour, that form the
"collar". These varieties range in height from 30 to 90
cm. Cultivars to consider include: ‘Alstergruss’ (orange-red
with yellow collar), ‘Hartenaas’ (pink with white collar), ‘Esther’
(bronze-orange with yellow collar), ‘Brides Bouquet’ (white with
white colour), ‘Walhalla’ (purple-red with white collar) and ‘La
Cionconda’ (red with lemon-yellow collar).
The favourites of many garden enthusiasts, these
delicate dahlias have single, open flowers with a prominent yellow
disc of petals in the centre. The plants range in height from 30 to
50 cm. Examples include: ‘Roodkapje’ (red), ‘Mies’
(lilac-pink), ‘G.F. Hemerik’ (orange-red) and ‘Yellow Sneezy’.
These dahlias have semi-double flowers with an open centre. For
many years the most popular Peony-flowered dahlia was a cultivar
called ‘Bishop Llandaff’, an old variety that dates back to the
It has a deep-red flower with
bronzy foliage. This variety is no longer widely grown, and has
largely been replaced by ‘Fascination’ a cultivar with
lilac-pink flowers, but also with bronze foliage. It grows 75 cm to
over a metre in height.
These are dwarf dahlias, with
heights around 25 to 30 cm and tiny flowers only 2.5 to 3.5 cm
across. Cultivars include: ‘Scura’ (orange-red with dark leaves)
and ‘Sweetheart’ (white).
Other groups of dahlias include
Single-Flowering, Water Lily and Orchid.
As well, there are new groups of
dahlias that are quickly growing in popularity. The three following
groups have been bred specifically for their low-growing habit and
are ideal for container plantings:
Double flowering varieties in a
wide variety of colours. They average between 20 and 20 cm in
height. Cultivars include: ‘Arizona’ (orange), ‘Ohio’ and
This series contains cactus and
decorative varieties which become no taller than 30 to 36 cm.
Examples include: ‘Rembrandt’ (pink), ‘Art Deco’ (bronze
yellow with a red centre), ‘Leonardo’ (peach with a touch of
These are small collarette
dahlias, suitable for bedding and perfect for use in containers on
balconies and patios. Depending on the variety, height can range
from 30 to 50 cm. Varieties to look for include: ‘Festivo’ (red
with white-tipped flowers in the collar), ‘Fortuna’ (deep yellow
with orange centre), ‘Fuego’ (red with yellow centre).
... and finally ...
Dinner Plate Dahlias
This is not an official
classification, in fact these robust blossoms fall under a variety
of classifications. Nonetheless all are huge and magnificent.
Popular varieties are: ‘Babylon Bronze’ (golden orange), ‘Cafe
au lait’ (cream with light brown edging), ‘Duet’ (deep red
with white tips), ‘Kenora Macob’ (deep red) and ‘Fleur’
With the wide range of colours, sizes and flower
types available, there’s truly a dahlia for every garden. In fact,
most gardens could find a use for lots of dahlias, in beds, borders,
containers, just about anywhere that would benefit from striking
flower colour from summer through fall.